On Fri, Jun 26, 2015 at 9:55 AM, Matt Williams <[hidden email]> wrote:
I am trying to produce a Map, where the (tricky) idea is that the key is a pair, (t1, t2), and the key is considered identical under ordering. Thus:
(t1, t2) is the same as (t2, t1) but
(t1, t3) is not the same as (t1,t2).
This LOOKS like a equality definition. However, the Map key typeclass is defined as Ord, which requires me to define compare:
You need more than Eq to get a collection which can be searched efficiently. Map uses Ord; Hashmap (in unordered-containers) uses Hashable, and might be more appropriate for this type. You will still have to deal with the pair, however.
Ord (or Hashable) is only used internally for searching, so you can define an instance which does not necessarily do anything semantically meaningful. For example, one way to define a `compare` for this is to sort the values in the pairs and then apply compare between them:
-- assumes s, t are themselves known by compiler to be Ord
instance Ord Edge where
(Edge s1 t1) `compare` (Edge s2 t2) = let arb s t = if s < t then (s,t) else (t,s)
in arb s1 t1 `compare` arb s2 t2
A similar trick could be used to get a Hashable instance.
This would end up being slow for large maps or many lookups. In that case, you might consider a wrapper which applies the above "arb" operation to the key on insert or lookup (the "normalized" key is stored in the map), rather than having to compute it for every node traversed during lookup.