Putrady 2018 Ch. 3 - STM

Previous Topic Next Topic
 
classic Classic list List threaded Threaded
2 messages Options
Reply | Threaded
Open this post in threaded view
|

Putrady 2018 Ch. 3 - STM

Site Administrator
Hello,

I am new not only to Haskell, but to programming in general. I hope that I am posting in the correct forum.

I am working through "Practical Web Development With Haskell" by Ecky Putrady (2018), New York: Apress, and I am having some difficulty understanding the STM portion of Chapter three. More specifically, I cannot get the following code snippet to return the expected result in the REPL:
-- snippet from Adapter.InMemory.Auth module as composed on pages 53-64 in the book
import ClassyPrelude
import qualified Domain.Auth as D -- as composed on pages 35-52 in the book
import Conrol.Monad.Except
import Text.StringRandom
import Data.Has
-- ...
data State = State
  { stateAuths :: [(D.UserId, D.Auth)]
-- ...
initialState :: State
initialState = State
  { stateAuths = []
-- ...
type InMemory r m = (Has (TVar State) r, MonadReader r m, MonadIO m)

addAuth :: InMemory r m
               => D.Auth -> m (Either D.RegistrationError D.VerificationCode)
addAuth auth = do
  tvar <- asks getter
-- ... rest of function
These are the instructions for "Verification in REPL" provided on page 64 of the book:
> :l Adapter.InMemory.Auth
> let email = D.mkEmail [hidden email]
> let passw = D.mkPassword "1234ABCDefgh"
> let auth = either undefined id $ D.Auth <$> email <*> passw
> s <- newTVarIO initialState
> addAuth s auth
Calling the addAuth function is supposed to print the following:
Right "aBNhtG653Bga9kas" -- (or whatever random vCode stringRandomIO generates)
However, GHCI instead tells me:
<interactive>:6.9: error:
       * Couldn't match expected type 'D.Auth'
                               with actual type 'TVar State'
       * In the first argument of 'addAuth', namely 's'
          In the expression: addAuth s auth
-- ...
The source code for the book at https://github.com/Apress/practical-webdev-haskell was created with stack resolver lts-9.11, while I am using resolver lts-14.11. I am doing this intentionally, because debugging the compilation errors helps guide me to become more familiar with the documentation in the packages being implemented, as well as helping me to understand general Haskell concepts little by little. I have tried looking through the changelogs for the stm and classy-prelude packages on https://hackage.haskell.org, for any clues which would be intelligible to me (an extremely restrictive constraint, admittedly), that would help me understand why the addAuth function thinks the TVar State we pass to it should be a D.Auth, and why this presumably would not have been the case had I built the project with the lts-9.11 resolver, but I have not been able to understand it thus far.



_______________________________________________
Beginners mailing list
[hidden email]
http://mail.haskell.org/cgi-bin/mailman/listinfo/beginners
Reply | Threaded
Open this post in threaded view
|

Re: Putrady 2018 Ch. 3 - STM

Sylvain Henry-2

Hi,

The issue has nothing to do with STM.

> that would help me understand why the addAuth function thinks the TVar State we pass to it should be a D.Auth

Let's look at the type of `addAuth`:

addAuth :: InMemory r m => D.Auth -> m (Either D.RegistrationError D.VerificationCode)

It takes a single parameter with type `D.Auth`. So you don't have to pass `s` when you call it.

The `TVar State` value is passed implicitly thanks to the constraint `InMemory r m` (i.e. a value with type `r` can be obtained from `m` Monad thanks to `MonadReader r m` and this value contains a `TVar State` thanks to the `Has (TVar State) r` constraint`).

You can't call `addAuth` directly in GHCI (where `m` would be `IO`), you have to follow the example here: https://github.com/Apress/practical-webdev-haskell/blob/master/03/src/Lib.hs#L30

Or alternatively you can modify `addAuth` for you GHCI test:

addAuth :: TVar State -> D.Auth -> m (Etiher ...)
addAuth tvar auth = do
  -- ... rest of function


Hope this helps,
Sylvain


On 27/10/2019 19:58, Site Administrator wrote:
Hello,

I am new not only to Haskell, but to programming in general. I hope that I am posting in the correct forum.

I am working through "Practical Web Development With Haskell" by Ecky Putrady (2018), New York: Apress, and I am having some difficulty understanding the STM portion of Chapter three. More specifically, I cannot get the following code snippet to return the expected result in the REPL:
-- snippet from Adapter.InMemory.Auth module as composed on pages 53-64 in the book
import ClassyPrelude
import qualified Domain.Auth as D -- as composed on pages 35-52 in the book
import Conrol.Monad.Except
import Text.StringRandom
import Data.Has
-- ...
data State = State
  { stateAuths :: [(D.UserId, D.Auth)]
-- ...
initialState :: State
initialState = State
  { stateAuths = []
-- ...
type InMemory r m = (Has (TVar State) r, MonadReader r m, MonadIO m)

addAuth :: InMemory r m
               => D.Auth -> m (Either D.RegistrationError D.VerificationCode)
addAuth auth = do
  tvar <- asks getter
-- ... rest of function
These are the instructions for "Verification in REPL" provided on page 64 of the book:
> :l Adapter.InMemory.Auth
> let email = D.mkEmail [hidden email]
> let passw = D.mkPassword "1234ABCDefgh"
> let auth = either undefined id $ D.Auth <$> email <*> passw
> s <- newTVarIO initialState
> addAuth s auth
Calling the addAuth function is supposed to print the following:
Right "aBNhtG653Bga9kas" -- (or whatever random vCode stringRandomIO generates)
However, GHCI instead tells me:
<interactive>:6.9: error:
       * Couldn't match expected type 'D.Auth'
                               with actual type 'TVar State'
       * In the first argument of 'addAuth', namely 's'
          In the expression: addAuth s auth
-- ...
The source code for the book at https://github.com/Apress/practical-webdev-haskell was created with stack resolver lts-9.11, while I am using resolver lts-14.11. I am doing this intentionally, because debugging the compilation errors helps guide me to become more familiar with the documentation in the packages being implemented, as well as helping me to understand general Haskell concepts little by little. I have tried looking through the changelogs for the stm and classy-prelude packages on https://hackage.haskell.org, for any clues which would be intelligible to me (an extremely restrictive constraint, admittedly), that would help me understand why the addAuth function thinks the TVar State we pass to it should be a D.Auth, and why this presumably would not have been the case had I built the project with the lts-9.11 resolver, but I have not been able to understand it thus far.



_______________________________________________
Beginners mailing list
[hidden email]
http://mail.haskell.org/cgi-bin/mailman/listinfo/beginners

_______________________________________________
Beginners mailing list
[hidden email]
http://mail.haskell.org/cgi-bin/mailman/listinfo/beginners